What Is Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)?

Looking for the Best Gastroenterologist in Abu Dhabi?

First, know about Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease.

  • Gastroesophageal reflux, or simply reflux, happens once what’s within your abdomen — abdomen acid, food or different contents —backs up out of the abdomen into the esophagus (the tube that links your mouth and stomach) and probably all the way into your throat and mouth.
  • Once that acid touches your esophagus (or what looks like your throat), it will cause a burning feeling in your chest or neck, referred to as heartburn.

Note: Heartburn isn’t constant as stomach upset (indigestion). consult your doctor for additional info on stomach upset.

  • Most people can have occasional heartburn, however, once your symptoms are frequent and dangerous enough to impact your sense of well-being, it may be GERD.
  • Heartburn is that the common symptom of GERD.
  • While GERD isn’t severe, it will greatly lower your quality of life by impacting your daily activities, your sleep and what you’re able to eat.
  •  Heartburn will usually be avoided by transforming some bad habits (like, once what proportion of food you eat and drink).
  • Occasional heartburn will be treated with over-the-counter (OTC) medication.
  • If symptoms don’t flee or aggravate after some weeks, seek advice from the Best Gastroenterologist in Abu Dhabi. You would like to have some tests to rule out different health problems.


  • Each person may not feel gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in the same way.
    Common symptoms are:
  •  Heartburn.
    – Burning pain behind the chest which may move up toward the neck.
    – Burning gets worse when you are lying down or bending over.
    – Heartburn typically happens after you eat.
  • Feeling like food is coming up into your mouth, perhaps with a bitter flavor.
  •  A sore throat that won’t go away.
  •  Hoarseness, roughness (scratchy-sounding voice).
  •  A cough that won’t go away.
  •  Asthma.
  •  Chest pain.
  •  Feeling like there is a lump in your throat.
  •  Pain when you swallow.
  •  Feeling as though food sticks in the throat when going down.
  •  Nausea.
  •  Frequent burping.
  •  Throwing up.

Alarm Symptoms

Certain alarm symptoms could indicate complications or critical issues. Do you have any of those alarm-warning symptoms?  Consult with your Best Gastroenterologist in Abu Dhabi quickly.

  • Chest pain with activity, like climbing stairs.
  •  Losing weight without making an attempt.
  •  Choking during food consumption or hassle swallowing food and liquids.
  • Throwing up blood or material that appears like residues.
  •  Red or black stools.


Many things can cause Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). discuss with your Best Gastroenterologist in Abu Dhabi regarding what could be inflicting your symptoms.

Muscle Weakness

  • You have a muscle, the lower esophagus sphincter muscle (valve), that is found between your abdomen and esophagus (the tube that links your mouth and stomach).
  • This muscle is supposed to shut once food goes into your abdomen and keep closed once you don’t seem to be eating.
  •  If this muscle is weak, the valve doesn’t work the proper manner and what’s in your abdomen will come up (reflux).
  •  The muscle will become weak as a result of:
    – Being overweight, corpulent or pregnant.
    – Some medications (talk to your doctor and tell him or her specifically what you take).
    – Smoking.
    – Alcohol.
    – Aging.

Other Causes

  • Reflux can even be worsened by some foods, how briskly you eat and how abundant you eat.
  •  A diaphragmatic hernia, that is a bulging of the abdomen into the chest through the opening in your diaphragm commonly occupied by the lower esophageal sphincter muscle, will cause reflux.
    – This condition is a lot common with aging and over-weight.

Getting Tested

There are several tests for gastroesophageal reflux illness (GERD). Not all patients with heartburn or GERD want to test. Your Best Gastroenterologist in Abu Dhabi might prefer to do one or more tests to seek out if GERD has hurt your gullet (the tube that links your mouth and stomach) or is inflicting your symptoms.

Testing also can facilitate your health guide your treatment.-care team.

Endoscopy With or Without Biopsy

  •  An endoscopy is done to check within your esophagus (tube linking your mouth and stomach) and small intestine and tries to do a biopsy (taking a tiny piece of the tissue to examine at underneath a microscope).
  •  You may be provided with medication to minimize pain and cause you to feel relaxed and sleepy headed, thus you won’t feel much throughout the checkup.
  • Throughout the endoscopy, your Best Gastroenterologist in Abu Dhabi can use an extended, skinny (about the dimension of your very little finger), versatile tube with a small camera on the top to see within.
  •  The tube goes across the mouth into the little gut as your gastroenterologist performs a careful examination.
  •  To find out additional information about endoscopy, visit gastro.org/Patient-Care.

Other tests can also be performed in special situations or if symptoms are arduous to regulate.

Esophageal Manometry

  • Manometry checks if the valve between your stomach and esophagus, that’s meant to shut when you eat (the lower esophageal sphincter), is weak.
  •  Manometry additionally checks to examine if the remainder of the gullet is functioning the correct approach.
  •  During the test, a small, skinny tube is placed through your nose and down your gullet. This doesn’t get within the approach of your respiratory.
  •  Once the tube is at the right place, you’ll be asked to swallow little amounts of water or gel because the machine records esophageal movements.

PH-Impedance Monitoring

  • This check is done to find out if you’ve got abnormal reflux and if reflux is inflicting your symptoms.
  • It is very important to consult your Best Gastroenterologist in Abu Dhabi, about the medicines you should or shouldn’t take before and through this test.
  •  The test goes on for a day hours whereas you can do your regular activities.
  •  This test is most often performed at an outpatient center, typically when an upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy.
  •  A skinny tube with recording electrodes thereon is put through your nose and down your esophagus. The tube detects reflux and measures the pH (acid levels) within the esophagus and sends the information to a recorder that you simply ought to carry with you.
  •  Keeping a diary of what you eat, when you eat and the way you feel is incredibly necessary throughout the test.

Wireless Esophageal pH observation

  • This test is just like the alternative hydrogen ion concentration observation test, except there’s no tube getting out your nose.
  •  It is very important to query your Best Gastroenterologist in Abu Dhabi what medicines you should or shouldn’t take before and during this test.
  • Throughout an upper GI endoscopy, your doctor can attach a tiny capsule to the inside of your esophagus.
  •  The capsule can quantify the acid levels in your esophagus and send the information to a receiver that you just got to carry with you for 48–96 hours.
  •  Keeping a diary of what you eat, when you eat and the way you’re feeling is incredibly necessary throughout the checkup.
  •  Your doctor can provide you with specifics on what to do.

Barium Swallow and Upper GI Series

  • This test is an X-ray that takes photos of the esophagus, stomach, duodenum,  and small intestine.
  •  You may have to drink a chalky liquid known as Barium while X-ray photos are taken. The barium makes it easier for the doctor to examine.
  •  These photos are often used to create a diagnosis and set up a lot of specific treatments.

GERD – What to Know:

  • GERD could be a pathological state that doesn’t go away before a couple of weeks.
  •  The highly common symptom of GERD is heartburn.
  •  Medications or changing some intake habits will facilitate ease the symptoms of GERD.
  •  If not cared for, GERD may lead to alternative health problems.


Both medications and changes in your habits will hold off and manage symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Discuss with your doctor concerning what choices are best for you to do initially.

Keeping a diary about what you eat, what time eat, and the way you feel after you eat may also assist you better handle your symptoms and provides your doctor helpful data on what to recommend to make you feel good. Check out the MyGIHealth® app to keep track of your symptoms or be in touch with the Best Gastroenterologist in Abu Dhabi, Dr. Abdulhadi  Quadri.

Below are the lists of stuff you should do to try to manage symptoms of GERD.

Daily Habits

  • Do not eat or drink items that give you heartburn or different unhealthy symptoms. Some such things would possibly be:
    – Deep-fried or fatty foods.
    – Chocolate.
    – Peppermint.
    – Alcohol.
    – Coffee (including decaf).
    – Carbonated drinks.
    – Ketchup and mustard.
    – Vinegar.
    – Tomato ketchup and mustard.
    – Citrus fruits or juices.
  • Be careful taking aspirin, anti-inflammatory, and pain medications aside from acetaminophen (like Tylenol®). These can make heartburn worse.
  •  Eat smaller portions of food during meals and don’t eat an excessive amount of.
  •  Stop eating three hours before sleeping.
  •  Raise the top of the bed four to 6 inches by using blocks or phone books.
  •  If you are overweight, reduce your weight.
  •  Pressure on your belly will make reflux worse. Do not put on tight clothing or control top hosiery and body shapers. Sit-ups, leg-lifts or abdomen crunches may also make reflux worse.
  •  Stop smoking.


Acid-blocking medications should solely to be used at the dose and for the length of your time shown on the label; make sure to inform your doctor if you utilize over-the-counter acid-blocking medications.
Antacids — they’re available OTC; they get rid of acid within the abdomen.
o Examples are:

  •  Alka-Seltzer®.
  •  Maalox®.
  •  Mylanta®.
  •  Rolaids®.
  •  Riopan®.
  •  Tums®.
  •  Gaviscon®.
    o Side effects may include diarrhea (loose stool) and constipation (hard stool or trouble passing stool).
    H2RAs — these are available OTC and in prescription strength; they reduce stomach acid and work longer but not as quickly as antacids.
    o Examples are:
  • Pepcid® (famotidine).
  •  Zantac® (ranitidine).
  •  Axid® (nizatidine).
    o Side effects may include a headache, upset stomach, throwing up, constipation, diarrhea, and abnormal bleeding or bruising.

Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs) — these are also available over-the-counter and in prescription strength; they’re stronger at treating symptoms.
o Examples are:

  • Prilosec® (omeprazole).
  •  Prevacid® (lansoprazole).
  •  Protonix® (pantoprazole).
  •  Dexilant® (dexlansoprazole).
    o Side effects may include back pain, aching, cough, headache, dizziness, belly pain, gas, nausea, throwing up, constipation, diarrhea.


A small number of people with heartburn may need surgery because of severe reflux and poor response to nonsurgical treatment. Fundoplication is a surgery that reduces reflux. Patients not wanting to take medication to control their symptoms are also candidates for surgery.

GERD – What to Know:

  • GERD is a health issue that doesn’t get away after some weeks.
  •  The most symptom of GERD is heartburn.
  •  Medications or changing some consumption habits will facilitate ease the symptoms of GERD.
  •  If not cared for, GERD may lead to different health problems.

Things to Be Aware Of

If you have got gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), it’s important to figure along with your doctor to take care of your symptoms

If you’re still having symptoms even after changing your diet or taking medications, let your doctor know. Your symptoms might not be from GERD otherwise you may have a complication of GERD such as:

  •  Esophagitis.
    – Inflammation (swelling or irritation) in your esophagus (the tube that links your mouth and stomach).
  •  Stricture.
    – This can be when your esophagus is narrowed by ulceration and scarring.
    – Strictures will make it difficult to swallow, causing food to stuck inside the esophagus.
  •  Issues with breathing (asthma, chronic cough).
  •  Barrett’s esophagus.
    – Barrett’s esophagus is a modification within the tissue lining your esophagus that puts you at a higher risk for esophageal cancer.
    – To find out additional information about Barrett’s esophagus, visit gastro.org/Patient-Care  or consult the Best Gastroenterologist in Abu Dhabi, Dr. Abdulhadi Quadri.