What is a Colonoscopy?

  •  A colonoscopy is a test to look inside your colon.
  •  A colonoscopy is completed by a gastroenterologist, a doctor trained in viewing the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
  •  The main tool used to look inside the colon is a colonoscope (see image below).
    • The colonoscope tool is a long, thin (about the width of your little finger), flexible tube with a tiny camera and a light on another end.
    • The colonoscope is long enough to seem at all of the big bowel and even the lower a part of the tiny intestine.
  • A colonoscopy could be a safe and effective way to explore for GI health problems and generally even treat those health problems.
  •  It’s necessary to get a high-quality colonoscopy.
    • Keep in mind that top price doesn’t essentially mean the best quality.
    • Ask your Gastroenterologist doctor however usually he or she reaches the tip of the big intestine and the way usually he or she finds polyps.

What is the Purpose of a Colonoscopy?

A colonoscopy is that the main way to check for diseases of the colon, like colitis or cancer, and to get rid of colon polyps.
• A polyp is a mushroom-like growth on the inside wall of the colon or rectum.
• Polyps grow slowly over many years.
• Some polyps become cancerous, others don’t.
A colonoscopy is additionally a secure and useful way to look at health problems within the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, such as:
• Belly pain that won’t get away.
• Rectal pain that won’t go away.
• Blood in your stool.
• Modification in bowel habits, like diarrhea (loose stool), that won’t go away.
• Inflamed (swollen) colon that’s seen on a computerized tomography (CT) scan.
During a colonoscopy, tools are often passed through the colonoscopy, that could be a long, skinny (about the breadth of your very little finger), flexible tube with a little camera and a light on the tip, to painlessly take away a suspicious-looking growth or to biopsy (take a little tissue sample).

Ensuring a High-Quality Colonoscopy

It is necessary to understand what makes a high-quality colonoscopy. At a time once it’s easier to check the prices of tests like a colonoscopy, keep in mind that high price doesn’t essentially mean top quality. Here are some key inquiries to raise your doctor to create positive you’re obtaining a high-quality colonoscopy:
1. However usually does one reach the beginning of the big intestine?
The most skilled doctors reach it over ninety-five percent of the time.
2. However usually will a patient’s poor bowel prep result in an incomplete exam?
Hopefully, it’s but fifteen % of the time.
3. However usually does one notice polyps throughout routine screenings?
It’s common to seek out them in concerning twenty-five % of routine screenings.
4. When should I return for a follow-up exam?
Most patients don’t need another exam for 10 years.
For more information on high-quality colonoscopies, visit www.gastro.org/patient-care.

Preparing for Your Colonoscopy

There are necessary steps you want to take to safely prepare for your colonoscopy. These are general instructions. Make sure to follow any instructions given to you by your doctor.
Your Gastroenterologist doctor or nurse can review the steps with you and confirm that you just know how to get prepared and what you’ll be able to expect throughout and when the test. If you’ve got any queries, make sure to bring them up with the doctor or nurse.
1. Provide your doctor an inventory of all the medications you’re taking and any allergies you’ve got.
a. The list should include each prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medication, like aspirin, NSAIDs or vitamins or supplements.
b. Ask your doctor before the check if any of your medications should be taken on the day of your colonoscopy.
c. Ask your Gastroenterologist doctor before the test if any of your medications shouldn’t be taken before your colonoscopy.
d. Ask your doctor before the test if you must take your medications the night before your colonoscopy.

2. Tell your doctor if you:
a. Have diabetes and what medications you’re on for it.
b. Are taking blood thinners or has bleeding or blood-clotting issues.
c. Have a pacemaker or different implanted electro-medical devices.
d. Have had abdomen or bowel surgery, swallowing issues or different gastrointestinal (GI) issues.
e. Have a heart, respiratory organ or the other health issues that will want special care before the test.
3. Clean out your colon.
a. Several ways may be wont to help cleanse the bowel, and your doctor can tell you which ones are best for you.
b. Often, you may need to eat only clear liquids the day before the test.
c. Often, you may get to drink a liquid which will assist you to move your bowels till your stool comes out clear. If your doctor tells you to drink this, make sure to drink it all.
d. Different ways that to scrub out your bowels involve completely different special diets or the use of enemas or suppositories.
e. Whichever technique or a blend of ways is usually recommended for you, make sure to follow your Gastroenterologist doctor’s orders as directed.
4. Check your instructions regarding what to eat or drink the night before your colonoscopy and once to prevent feeding. If you are doing not remember the time of your appointment, decision your doctor.
5. Since may be given medication to block pain and cause you to feel sleepy-eyed, you may not be allowed to drive an automobile, work or build necessary selections when the check.
6. You want to have somebody with you to review the discharge directions and to drive you home when the test.
7. Decide to rest reception for the remainder of the day when your test.
A colonoscopy will be done as a patient procedure in your doctor’s workplace, patient surgical center or hospital. Make sure you recognize precisely wherever you would like to travel the day of your procedure because it might not be similar to your doctor’s workplace.
Be sure to ask your doctor or nurse if there’s something you are doing not perceive.

Before Your Colonoscopy

Your doctor can tell you additional specifically what you’ll be able to expect throughout the test. Some things could include:

  • A nurse can review your case history, medications, and allergies.
  •  You may become a hospital gown.
  •  Your Gastroenterologist doctor can review the consent form for the test, answer any of your queries and ask you to sign the shape that says you perceive the test being done.
  • Associate blood vessel (IV) line are started (to give you IV fluids and medication to create you are feeling sleepy-eyed throughout the exam).

During Your Colonoscopy

• You will be given medicine to block pain and make you relaxed and sleepy (or totally asleep), so you won’t feel much during the colonoscopy.
• Throughout the test, everything is done to create certain that you just are at ease, safe and comfortable.
• Once you’re absolutely relaxed, the doctor can do a rectal exam with a gloved, lubricated finger.
• Next, the lubricated colonoscope is gently and thoroughly placed into your rectum, passing through the anus. Generally, it’ll not hurt.
• Air is responded to the colonoscope to expand the bowels in order that the doctor will see higher. You’ll feel the necessity to move your bowels or some cramping or fullness.
• In some cases, the doctor might have to do a Biopsy-(taking a tiny low piece of tissue to seem at under the microscope). You may not feel this.
• The time it takes to try and do a colonoscopy varies primarily based in part on what’s found and whetstone.
– If a polyp is found, your doctor can sometimes take away it using tools within the colonoscope. This may take longer.

• When the doctor is completed trying within, the endoscope is removed and you may get up in recovery because the medication wears off.

Colonoscopy – What to Know:

  •  A colonoscopy could be a safe and effective test to appear at your colon and rectum.
  •  You’ll tend a drug to make you sleepy-eyed (or entirely asleep) for your colonoscopy.
  •  A thin, flexible tube with a light and camera on the tip is placed into your rectum.
  •  This test is used to appear for and prevent colon cancer and may additionally find the cause of different gastrointestinal (GI) health problems.

The Colonoscope

• The doctor will use a colonoscope (a long, thin [about the width of your little finger], flexible tube with a tiny camera and light on the end) to be able to see inside.
• The colonoscope is long enough to appear at all of the big bowel and even the lower a part of the tiny bowl.
• Your Gastroenterologist doctor can place it in as far because it will go while not hurting you.

After Your Colonoscopy

Your doctor can tell you additional specifically what you’ll expect once the test. Some things could include:
• Once your colonoscopy is finished, you’ll be cared for in a hospital room until the medication wears off and you’re additional alert.
• Your doctor or nurse can review the colonoscopy results with you and provides you the other details or next steps you will need.
• If a biopsy (taking a small piece of tissue to appear at under the microscope) was taken, your doctor or nurse can tell you once those results will be available. They’ll tell you if the other testing or follow-up is required.
• You’ll be told however soon you’ll eat and drink, and different steps to require for obtaining back to your normal routine
• Plan to take it easy for the rest of the day once your colonoscopy. This suggests not driving, operating or creating necessary decisions.
• You’ll need to arrange to have a loved one or friend with you who will hear the discharge instructions and take you home. You must decide to resume your normal activities (driving and working) the day following your examination.

Minor Issues

• You may feel some minor problems, like bloating (swelling), gas or mild cramps right once the check.
• These should get away in but twenty-four hours.
• Contact your doctor’s workplace if you have got any queries once your colonoscopy.

Safety/Adverse Reactions of a Colonoscopy

Although colonoscopy could be a safe test, complications will happen sometimes. Problems throughout a colonoscopy are rare.
Some examples may be:
• Tearing or puncturing of the colon walls that may call for emergency surgery to repair.
• When a polyp is taken out or a biopsy (taking a tiny low piece of tissue to appear at under a microscope) is finished, it may end in heavy bleeding.
– Generally, a blood transfusion is required
– Sometimes, the colonoscope has to be changed in to control the bleeding.
• You must understand that colonoscopy isn’t excellent and even with a skilled doctor, some colon lesions (abnormalities) may be missed.
Be sure to speak together with your doctor about any specific concerns you will have concerning the test.